Today we will get to know Melasma a little more.
What is Melasma and how to treat it?
Melasma appears on the skin and it looks like a tan or dark discolouration. It is caused by sun exposure or changes and irritation. It usually occurs in women who are taking oral or hormonal drug therapies. The symptoms of Melasma are dark patches. Patches can vary in size from 0.5 cm to larger than 10 cm depending on the person. It appears on the cheeks, the nose, upper lip, forehead, chin.
These patches fade are almost invisible when you are not in the sun. As soon as you are exposed to ultra-violet light, these patches turn black again.
Pregnant women get it and its also known as a pregnancy mask. Changes usually spontaneously after delivery. Genetic predisposition is also a major factor whether it will develop in you or not. Women with light brown skin colour who live in regions with intense sun exposure are especially susceptible to the development of this condition. The incidence of Melasma also occurs in people suffering from thyroid disorders. It also thought that excessive production of a hormone that stimulates small cells caused by stress can cause an epidemic of this condition.
Melasma is more common in women but can also occur in men.
The most important way to remove Melasma is to use sun protection regime. But keep in mind that not all sunscreens are created the same way.
To prevent Melasma, you need a sunscreen that blocks not only sun rays, but also it’s light and heat. There are two main types of sunscreen:
- Sunscreen that uses chemicals, such as oxybenzone
- Sunscreens that use physical blockers
Luckily, these sunscreens are a long way from the older formulations that have settled on your skin in an oily, white layer. Today’s formulas of zinc and titanium dioxide are micronized so they can sink into the skin while offering the same protection. You can buy at your doctor’s office, skincare stores, or even at a pharmacy.
During drug therapies and home treatment. Do not go out in the sun during therapies.
Some of the home treatments are:
- Clean the skin every night before bed with a cleanser that can remove particles.
- Soak gauze with serum containing vitamins C and E and rub into the skin.
- Use a good moisturizer, after the serum, to restore that skin’s liquid(oil) barrier.
- you have to be patient because there is a possibility that Melasma will return despite treatment. It is important to follow the instructions of a dermatologist.
Once your Melasma has cleared, you may need to continue treating your skin. Your dermatologist may call maintenance therapy. Maintenance therapy can prevent the return of Melasma.